1. Have you made any changes to your computer prior to this issue?
Follow the suggestions and check if this helps.
You may run Windows Update Troubleshooter.
Windows Update Troubleshooter.
You may download and run the System Update Readiness tool.
Description of the System Update Readiness Tool for Windows Vista, for Windows Server 2008, for Windows Server 2008 R2
You may perform the manual steps from article.
How do I reset Windows Update components?
Note : The above article is also applicable to Windows 7.
If the issue still exists, you may install the updates manually in a clean boot state.
Step i : Clean boot
How to troubleshoot a problem by performing a clean boot in Windows Vista or in Windows 7
Note : After troubleshooting follow Step 7: Reset the computer to start as usual
Step ii :
Microsoft Download Center
Troubleshoot problems installing a service pack for Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Update Error 800B0100
Use the System File Checker tool to repair - 13 Windows 7 updates repeatedly failing, receiving error message 800B0100 and 8007065E
sfc is a utility in Windows that allows users to scan for corruptions in Windows system files and restore corrupted files. This article describes how to run the System File Checker tool (SFC.exe) to scan your system files and to repair missing or corrupted system files. If a Windows Resource Protection (WRP) file is missing or is corrupted, Windows may not behave as expected. For example, some Windows functions may not work, or Windows may crash.
If You are Running Windows 8.1 or Windows 8
- Open an elevated command prompt. To do this, do the following as your appropriate:
- Swipe in from the right edge of the screen, and then tap Search. Or, if you are using a mouse, point to the lower-right corner of the screen, and then click Search. Type Command Prompt in the Search box, right-click Command Prompt, and then click Run as administrator. If you are prompted for an administrator password or for a confirmation, type the password, or click Allow.
For Windows 10, Windows 7, or Windows Vista
After the process is finished, you may receive one of the following messages:
- To do this, click Start, type Command Prompt or cmd in the Search box, right-click Command Prompt, and then click Run as administrator. If you are prompted for an administrator password or for a confirmation, enter the password, or press Allow.
- At the command prompt, type the following command, and then press ENTER:
- sfc /scannow
- The sfc /scannow command will scan all protected system files, and replace corrupted files with a cached copy that is located in a compressed folder at %WinDir%\System32\dllcache.
- The %WinDir% placeholder represents the Windows operating system folder. For example, C:\Windows.
- Attention please: Do not close this Command Prompt window until the verification is 100% complete. The scan results will be shown after this process is finished.
- Windows Resource Protection could not perform the requested operation.
- To resolve this problem, perform the System File Checker scan in safe mode, and make sure that the PendingDeletes and PendingRenames folders exist under %WinDir%\WinSxS\Temp.
System Restore - 13 Windows 7 updates repeatedly failing, receiving error message 800B0100 and 8007065E
System Restore can return your computer's system files and programs to a time when everything was working fine, potentially preventing hours of troubleshooting headaches. It won't affect your documents, pictures, or other data. Please back up important changes(files, documents) before you perform system restore.